Disease-Resistant Cannabis Strains for Outdoor Growing
As cannabis continues to gain widespread acceptance, more people are venturing into the world of growing their own plants. One aspect that growers need to keep in mind when choosing cannabis strains is disease resistance. The last thing any grower wants is to watch their plants succumb to pests and diseases. With so many different strains available, it can be overwhelming to choose the right one for outdoor growing. This article will guide you through the top 10 disease-resistant cannabis strains for growing outdoors and provide tips on how to ensure successful cultivation. So, roll up your sleeves, put on your gardening gloves, and let’s dive into the world of disease-resistant cannabis strains.
What to Look for in a Disease-Resistant Strain
When it comes to finding a disease-resistant strain of cannabis to grow outdoors, there are a few key factors to keep in mind. The right combination of resistance to common cannabis diseases, adequate sun exposure and water, and other important growing variables can make all the difference in the success of your outdoor cannabis crop. In this section, we will explore some of the key traits you should be looking for in a disease-resistant strain of cannabis in order to give yourself the best possible chance of success.
Resistance to Common Cannabis Diseases
When choosing disease-resistant cannabis strains for outdoor growing, it is important to consider their resistance to common cannabis diseases. Here are some of the most common cannabis diseases and the strains that are known to be resistant to them:
|Powdery mildew||Durban Poison, Northern Lights, Super Silver Haze|
|Botrytis||Harlequin, Blue Dream, Bubba Kush|
|Gray mold||Afghan Kush, Green Crack, Chemdawg|
Powdery mildew is a common disease that can affect any part of the cannabis plant. It is a fungal disease that appears as a white or gray powdery coating on the leaves, stems, and buds. Durban Poison, Northern Lights, and Super Silver Haze are known for their resistance to powdery mildew.
Botrytis, also known as gray mold, is another common fungal disease that affects the cannabis plant. It appears as a grayish-white fluffy coating on the buds and leaves, and can cause damage to the plant’s tissue. Harlequin, Blue Dream, and Bubba Kush are known to be resistant to botrytis.
Gray mold is another fungal disease that can affect the cannabis plant. It appears as gray or dark brown spots on the leaves and stems, and can cause the plant to wilt and die. Afghan Kush, Green Crack, and Chemdawg are known for their resistance to gray mold.
It is important to choose disease-resistant cannabis strains for outdoor growing to ensure a successful harvest. However, it is also important to properly care for the plants with adequate watering, soil nutrients, and proper location selection to further prevent disease.
Adequate Sun and Water Exposure
When it comes to growing cannabis, it is important to make sure that the plants are getting the appropriate amount of sun and water. This is especially crucial for disease-resistant strains, which need optimal conditions to thrive. Let’s take a closer look at the importance of sun and water exposure for outdoor cannabis growing.
Sun Exposure: Cannabis is a sun-loving plant that thrives in bright, direct sunlight. When choosing a location to grow disease-resistant strains, it is important to make sure the plants will receive plenty of sunlight throughout the day. This means finding a spot that is not shaded by trees, buildings, or other obstructions.
To ensure adequate sun exposure for your plants, it can be helpful to create an exposure schedule. This involves monitoring the amount of sun your plants receive each day and adjusting the location or orientation of your plants to make sure they get the maximum amount of sun exposure possible.
Water Exposure: Cannabis plants also need a consistent source of water in order to thrive. However, too much or too little water can be detrimental to the health of the plant. It is important to find a balance between under-watering and over-watering.
To determine the appropriate amount of water, it is recommended to use a soil moisture sensor or to stick your finger into the soil and check the moisture level by feeling the soil. The soil should feel slightly moist but not overly wet or dry. It is also important to make sure that the plants are well-drained, meaning that excess water can drain away easily.
In order to ensure that your disease-resistant cannabis strains are getting the adequate amount of sun and water exposure, it is imperative to maintain a consistent schedule for watering and to regularly check the plants for signs of stress or dehydration. A helpful way to keep track of this is to create a schedule or use a calendar to record the last time the plants were watered or exposed to sunlight.
|Sun Exposure||Water Exposure|
|Choose a location with plenty of direct sunlight||Use a soil moisture sensor or check soil by hand|
|Create a schedule for optimal sun exposure||Make sure plants are well-drained|
|Adjust plant location for maximum sun exposure||Maintain consistent watering schedule|
When growing disease-resistant cannabis strains outdoors, it is crucial to ensure that they are getting optimal sun and water exposure. By paying attention to these factors and making adjustments as necessary, you can help your plants to thrive and develop strong resistance to common cannabis diseases.
Top 10 Disease-Resistant Cannabis Strains
After exploring the key factors to consider when selecting a disease-resistant strain of cannabis, it’s time to dive into the top 10 most reliable options available for outdoor growing. These strains have been chosen for their proven ability to resist common cannabis diseases, as well as their adaptability to varying weather conditions. Whether you’re a seasoned grower or just starting out, these disease-resistant strains are sure to provide a fruitful and healthy harvest. Let’s take a closer look at each of them.
1. Durban Poison
Durban Poison is a sativa strain that is known for its resistance to mildew and mold. It has a high resistance to pests and other diseases as well, making it an ideal outdoor strain for those looking for a low maintenance option. This strain gets its name from the South African port city of Durban, where it originated from. The plant boasts of a sweet aroma and flavor profile, with hints of anise, licorice, and spices.
Durban Poison has a high THC content ranging from 18% to 25%. It has a fast flowering time of 8-9 weeks and grows well in warm climates. It can reach a height of up to 8 feet and produces a high yield of dense and sticky buds. Its high THC content makes it ideal for those seeking a cerebral high, that stimulates creativity and euphoria. The strain is also commonly used for managing stress and depression due to its uplifting and energizing effects.
Below is a table that summarizes the key characteristics of Durban Poison:
|Resistance to Pests and Diseases||High|
|Flowering Time||8-9 weeks|
|Height||Up to 8 feet|
|Effects||Stimulates creativity and euphoria. Uplifting and energizing. Used for managing stress and depression.|
|Aroma and Flavor||Sweet, with hints of anise, licorice, and spices.|
Durban Poison is an excellent choice for outdoor growers looking for a disease-resistant strain that is easy to maintain, produces a high yield, and has a fast flowering time. Its unique taste and aroma, coupled with its energizing and uplifting effects, make it a popular choice amongst cannabis enthusiasts around the world.
Harlequin is a top-of-the-line disease-resistant cannabis strain that is gaining immense popularity among outdoor growers. This sativa-dominant strain has a unique CBD:THC ratio of 5:2, making it an excellent choice for those seeking the therapeutic benefits of cannabis without the psychoactive effects.
Here are some more reasons why Harlequin makes it to the list of top 10 disease-resistant cannabis strains:
- Harlequin is highly resistant to common cannabis diseases such as powdery mildew and bud rot, making it an ideal choice for outdoor growers who are prone to these issues.
- This strain is easy to grow and can thrive in a wide range of climates, making it a versatile option for growers around the world.
- Harlequin is also resistant to pests such as spider mites and thrips, which can cause significant damage to outdoor plants.
To ensure successful growth of Harlequin, outdoor growers should provide this strain with adequate sunlight and water. It is also important to maintain proper soil and nutrient levels to ensure optimal growth and yield. The harvesting and curing process should also be done carefully to preserve the therapeutic properties of this strain.
Harlequin is an exceptional strain that not only offers disease resistance but also provides a host of therapeutic benefits. Its unique CBD:THC ratio and easy-to-grow nature make it a top choice for outdoor growers who want to ensure a successful and healthy cannabis harvest.
3. Afghan Kush
One of the most popular disease-resistant strains, Afghan Kush is a strong and hardy plant that can withstand harsh outdoor environments. Here are some key features of Afghan Kush that make it a great choice for outdoor cultivation:
- Resistance to Common Diseases: Afghan Kush is known for its resistance to pests and diseases that commonly affect cannabis plants, such as spider mites and powdery mildew. This makes it a reliable choice for outdoor growers who want to minimize the risk of losing their crops to disease.
- High THC Content: With THC levels ranging from 17-20%, Afghan Kush is a potent strain that delivers a strong and relaxing high. It’s a favorite among medical cannabis patients who use it for pain relief and anxiety management.
- Short Flowering Time: Afghan Kush has a relatively short flowering time of 7-9 weeks, which is ideal for outdoor growers who want to harvest their plants before the winter frost sets in. It also makes it a good choice for growers in areas with short summers.
- Drought Tolerance: Afghan Kush is well-adapted to dry climates and can withstand periods of drought without suffering from nutrient deficiencies or wilting. However, like all cannabis plants, it still requires regular watering to thrive.
Afghan Kush is a versatile and reliable strain that is well-suited for outdoor cultivation. Its resistance to disease, high THC content, and short flowering time make it an excellent choice for both novice and experienced growers alike.
4. Super Silver Haze
Super Silver Haze is a hybrid strain that is renowned for its psychoactive effects and disease resistance. It is a cross between three popular strains: Skunk, Northern Lights, and Haze. Here are some reasons why Super Silver Haze is a top disease-resistant strain for outdoor growth:
- Resistance to Powdery Mildew: Powdery mildew is a common disease that affects cannabis plants. Super Silver Haze has been found to have a high resistance to this disease, making it a good option for growers in humid climates.
- High THC Content: Super Silver Haze has a high THC content of around 18-23%, which makes it a popular choice for recreational users.
- Drought Tolerance: Super Silver Haze is also known to be drought-tolerant, making it ideal for growers in areas with limited water resources.
- Good Yield: This strain has an impressive yield, with some growers reporting up to 800 grams per square meter of plant.
Super Silver Haze is a versatile and hardy strain that is suitable for both novice and experienced growers. Its resistance to disease and adaptability to different growing conditions make it a top choice for outdoor cultivation.
5. Blue Dream
Blue Dream is a Sativa-dominant hybrid that has gained a lot of popularity among growers due to its disease-resistant properties and high yield. It is a cross between Blueberry and Haze strains and can grow up to 10 feet tall. Here are some details about this strain:
|Appearance:||The Blue Dream plant has dark green leaves and produces large, dense buds that are blue and purple in color with orange hairs.|
|Smell:||This strain has a sweet and fruity aroma with hints of blueberry, making it a favorite among those who enjoy a pleasant scent.|
|Taste:||The flavor of Blue Dream is also sweet and fruity with hints of berry, making it a delight to the taste buds.|
|Effects:||Blue Dream has a balanced high, providing the user with a combination of relaxation and euphoria. It is known for its ability to relieve stress, anxiety, and pain while providing a creative and energetic buzz.|
|Disease Resistance:||Blue Dream is resistant to powdery mildew and mold, making it a reliable option for outdoor growers who may face these issues.|
|Grow Difficulty:||Blue Dream is relatively easy to grow and is suitable for both novice and experienced growers. It can thrive in both indoor and outdoor environments, but it requires adequate space due to its towering height.|
In addition to its disease resistance, Blue Dream is a popular strain due to its high THC levels and enjoyable effects. It is a versatile strain that can be grown in various locations and is a great option for those looking to cultivate a high-yielding crop.
6. Northern Lights
When it comes to disease-resistant cannabis strains, Northern Lights is always at the top of the list. Also known as NL, this indica-dominant hybrid is not only immune to common cannabis diseases, but it also boasts of high yields and a high THC content.
This strain originated in the Pacific Northwest and has won numerous awards for its potency and outstanding performance. NL is a cross between two landrace strains, namely, Thai and Afghani. The result is a plant that is compact in size, making it ideal for outdoor cultivation where space is limited.
Below is a table detailing the characteristics of Northern Lights:
|Genetics||Thai x Afghani|
|Plant Type||Indica-dominant Hybrid|
|Flowering Time||7-9 weeks|
|Climate||Dry, warm, and sunny climates|
|Yield||Up to 600 g/m² indoor, up to 625 g/plant outdoor|
|THC Content||Up to 18%|
Northern Lights is a hardy plant that requires little maintenance, making it an easy strain to grow for beginners. However, to ensure a bountiful harvest, it is essential to provide the plant with the right nutrients and growing conditions.
When growing Northern Lights outdoors, it is best to choose a dry, warm, and sunny location. This strain is susceptible to bud rot in humid conditions, so it is important to select a spot that is well-ventilated with good air circulation.
Northern Lights is an excellent choice for outdoor growers who are looking for a disease-resistant strain that is easy to grow, high yielding, and potent. By providing the plant with the right growing conditions and nutrients, you can expect a bountiful harvest of high-quality buds.
7. Jack Herer
Jack Herer is an incredibly popular strain among cannabis enthusiasts and for good reason. Not only does it have a unique and potent aroma, but it also boasts a high resistance to various diseases. Here are some of the reasons why you should consider growing Jack Herer as one of your outdoor cannabis strains:
- Resistance to Mold and Mildew: One of the biggest benefits of growing Jack Herer is its resistance to mold and mildew. This is a common problem for outdoor growers, especially in humid climates where moisture can accumulate on the plant. With Jack Herer’s resistance, you can breathe a sigh of relief knowing that your plant won’t succumb to these diseases.
- Tolerance of Pests: Another common problem for outdoor growers is pest infestations. However, Jack Herer is known for its ability to tolerate pests like spider mites and thrips. This means that even if you do have an infestation, your plant will still be able to thrive and produce a healthy yield.
- Drought Resistance: In addition to diseases and pests, outdoor growers also have to deal with the weather. Jack Herer is a hardy strain that is well adapted to drought conditions. This means that even if you forget to water your plants for a day or two, they will still be able to survive and continue growing as usual.
- High Yield: Last but not least, Jack Herer is known for its high yield. This strain can produce up to 18 ounces per square meter when grown indoors and up to 21 ounces per plant when grown outdoors. This means that you can get a lot of bang for your buck with this strain.
Jack Herer is a great choice for outdoor growers who want a disease-resistant strain that also produces a high yield. Its unique flavor and aroma make it a favorite among cannabis connoisseurs, while its hardiness and resistance to mold, pests, and drought make it a reliable choice for beginners and experienced growers alike.
8. Bubba Kush
Bubba Kush is a well-known, indica-dominant strain that is popular for its potent relaxing effects. It is also one of the top disease-resistant cannabis strains that can be grown outdoors. Here are some key characteristics of this strain:
|Resistance to Common Cannabis Diseases:||Bubba Kush has shown resistance to common diseases such as powdery mildew and mold. This makes it a good choice for growers who want to minimize the risk of losing their crops to these common diseases.|
|Adequate Sun and Water Exposure:||Bubba Kush requires plenty of sunlight and a moderate amount of water to thrive. However, it is important to avoid overwatering as this can lead to root rot.|
|Flowering Time:||Bubba Kush has a flowering time of around 8-9 weeks, making it a relatively fast-growing strain.|
|Effects:||Bubba Kush is known for its potent relaxing effects that can help to combat stress and anxiety. It may also provide relief for people dealing with chronic pain and insomnia.|
|Flavor and Aroma:||Bubba Kush has a sweet, earthy aroma with hints of coffee and chocolate. Its flavor is similarly sweet and earthy with notes of spice and herbs.|
|THC and CBD Content:||Bubba Kush typically has a higher THC content ranging from 18-22%, while CBD levels are around 0.2-0.4%. This makes it a good choice for recreational users who want to feel the full effects of THC.|
Bubba Kush is a great choice for outdoor growers who want a disease-resistant strain with a potent, relaxing effect. It’s important to provide it with adequate sunlight and water but also avoid overwatering. With a relatively short flowering time, this strain can produce a good yield in a shorter period of time compared to other strains.
9. Green Crack
Green Crack is a potent and high-yielding strain that is popular among outdoor growers. It has a citrus aroma and delivers a strong cerebral high that can boost creativity and productivity. Here are some of the reasons why Green Crack is a great disease-resistant strain to consider:
- Resistance to diseases: Green Crack is highly resistant to powdery mildew and molds, which are common diseases that can affect cannabis plants, especially during humid conditions. Its strong genetics make it less susceptible to other diseases as well.
- Short flowering time: Green Crack has a short flowering time of around 7-9 weeks, which means it can be harvested earlier than other strains. This makes it less vulnerable to late-season diseases and pests.
- High yields: Green Crack is known for its high yields, with some growers reporting up to 500 grams per plant. This means that even if some of the plants are affected by diseases, the overall yield can still be significant.
- Adaptable to different climates: Green Crack can grow well in different climates, including warm and humid areas. It is also resistant to heat stress, which can be a problem for some strains.
When growing Green Crack outdoors, it is important to provide it with adequate sun and water exposure, as well as proper soil and nutrients. Choosing the right location, such as a spot with good air circulation and drainage, can also help prevent diseases. Additionally, harvesting and curing the buds properly can ensure that they do not develop mold or other issues. Green Crack is a reliable and resilient strain that can be a great option for outdoor growers looking for disease-resistant varieties.
Chemdawg is a popular disease-resistant strain that offers powerful effects and is often used for medicinal purposes. It has an earthy, diesel-like aroma and a high THC content, making it a favorite among experienced cannabis growers and users. Here are some important details about the Chemdawg strain:
- Potent Effects: Chemdawg is known for its potent effects that can leave users feeling relaxed, euphoric, and creative. It can also help alleviate symptoms of anxiety, depression, and chronic pain.
- High THC Content: This strain is known for its high THC content, which can range from 15% to 26%. This makes it a powerful option for experienced users, but may not be suitable for beginners.
- Disease Resistance: Chemdawg is highly resistant to common cannabis diseases such as powdery mildew and mold. This makes it a great option for outdoor growers who want to minimize the risk of their plants falling victim to disease.
- Outdoor Growing: While Chemdawg can be grown indoors, it is often preferred for outdoor cultivation. It requires adequate sunlight and warm temperatures, and can yield a high harvest when grown in the right conditions.
- Harvest Time: Chemdawg has a flowering time of around 9-10 weeks and is typically ready for harvest in late September or early October. It is important to watch the trichomes and harvest at the right time to achieve the desired effects.
If you are looking for a disease-resistant strain that offers potent effects and can be grown successfully outdoors, Chemdawg is definitely worth considering. Just be sure to keep in mind its high THC content and specific growing requirements to ensure a successful harvest.
How to Ensure Successful Outdoor Growing of Disease-Resistant Strains
For those looking to grow disease-resistant cannabis strains outdoors, it is crucial to take the proper steps to ensure a successful harvest. From choosing the right location to providing adequate nutrients, there are several factors to consider when attempting to grow these strains. In this section, we will highlight some important steps to take in order to increase your chances of success when growing disease-resistant cannabis outdoors.
Proper Soil and Nutrients
One of the most important factors for successful outdoor growing of disease-resistant cannabis strains is using the right soil and nutrients. Choosing a soil mix that is nutrient-rich and well-draining is essential for promoting healthy root development and preventing waterlogging, which can lead to root rot.
You can either purchase pre-made soil mixes from your local garden center or create your own by mixing soil, compost, perlite or vermiculite, and other organic amendments like bone meal or kelp meal. It’s also important to use nutrients that are specifically formulated for cannabis plants and provide a balanced ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (NPK).
When choosing nutrients, consider using organic or all-natural options, as they are less likely to cause nutrient burn or other problems that can damage your plants. Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully and avoid over-fertilization, as this can harm your plants and lead to nutrient lockout.
To ensure that your plants are getting the right nutrients, regularly test the pH of your soil and nutrient solution using a pH meter or test strips. Cannabis plants prefer a slightly acidic soil pH of around 6.0-6.5, so if your soil is too alkaline, you may need to add acidic amendments like sulfur or humic acid.
Using the right soil and nutrients is critical for maximizing the disease-resistant properties of your cannabis strains, promoting healthy growth, and producing high-quality yields. Be sure to monitor your plants regularly for any signs of nutrient deficiencies or other problems, and make adjustments as needed to ensure that your plants stay healthy and strong throughout the growing season.
|– Use a nutrient-rich and well-draining soil mix|
|– Choose nutrients specifically formulated for cannabis plants|
|– Consider using organic or all-natural options|
|– Regularly test the pH of your soil and nutrient solution|
|– Monitor your plants regularly for any signs of nutrient deficiencies|
Choosing the Right Location
When it comes to growing disease-resistant cannabis strains outdoors, choosing the right location can make all the difference. Here are some factors to consider:
|Climate||Cannabis strains have different temperature and humidity preferences, so it’s important to choose a location that matches the needs of your particular strain. Additionally, make sure to consider the climate in terms of rainfall and length of growing season.|
|Light exposure||Cannabis plants require a lot of sunlight to grow and thrive. Choose a location with as much direct sunlight exposure as possible (ideally at least 6-8 hours a day).|
|Soil quality||The soil in which cannabis is grown can make a huge difference in its growth and development. Look for soil that is well-draining and nutrient-rich. If needed, consider adding compost or other amendments to improve soil quality.|
|Security||It’s important to choose a location that is secure and not easily accessible to outsiders. This can help prevent theft and other unwanted attention.|
|Proximity to pests||Consider the location’s proximity to sources of pests such as insects, rodents, and deer. Try to choose a location that is not near areas where pests are known to congregate.|
By taking these factors into account, you can choose a location that will promote healthy growth and help prevent disease and pest-related issues.
Harvesting and Curing
Harvesting and curing your disease-resistant cannabis strains properly is crucial to ensure the best possible potency, flavor, and aroma. Here are some steps to follow:
- Timing: Harvest your plants when the buds are mature and the trichomes are mostly cloudy, but not yet amber. This will ensure maximum potency.
- Trimming: Trim away any fan leaves and large stems from your harvested buds. This will allow for better airflow during the curing process and prevent any mold or mildew growth.
- Drying: Hang your trimmed buds upside down in a cool, dark, and dry place with good ventilation. Aim for a temperature of around 60-70 degrees Fahrenheit and a humidity level of 50% or lower. Check on your buds every day or two to make sure they are drying properly, but be gentle and do not handle them too much.
- Curing: Once your buds are dry to the touch and the stems snap instead of bend, place them in airtight containers such as jars. Open the jars daily to allow humidity to escape and fresh air to enter. This will help prevent mold and mildew growth and improve the overall flavor and aroma of your buds. Continue this process for at least 2-4 weeks for optimal results.
- Storage: Once your buds have properly cured, store them in a cool, dark, and dry place such as a pantry or wine cooler. Use air-tight containers such as jars or bags to maintain freshness and prevent any degradation of quality over time.
Following these steps will help ensure a successful harvesting and curing process for your disease-resistant cannabis strains, resulting in high-quality buds that are potent, flavorful, and aromatic.
After going through the top 10 disease-resistant cannabis strains and learning about their specific resistant characteristics, it is clear that these strains are a great option for outdoor growers looking to minimize the risk of crop loss due to disease. By choosing strains that have been bred for their resilience, growers can create a thriving garden with high yields.
However, it is important to note that disease-resistant strains alone are not enough to ensure a successful outdoor grow. Proper soil and nutrient management, as well as choosing the right location for the garden, are also crucial factors in producing a healthy crop. Additionally, harvesting and curing techniques play a significant role in preserving the potency and flavor of the plant.
All in all, growing disease-resistant cannabis strains can be a rewarding and efficient way to cultivate marijuana outdoors. By combining the right strains with proper growing techniques, growers can enjoy a bountiful harvest of healthy and potent cannabis plants.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are some common diseases that cannabis plants can suffer from?
Cannabis plants can suffer from diseases such as powdery mildew, gray mold, root rot, and leaf septoria, among others.
What makes a cannabis strain disease-resistant?
A disease-resistant cannabis strain has genetics that make it less susceptible to common cannabis diseases and can withstand environmental stressors.
Can disease-resistant strains still get sick?
While disease-resistant strains are less likely to suffer from common cannabis diseases, they can still get sick if proper care is not taken.
Are all disease-resistant strains suitable for outdoor growing?
No, not all disease-resistant strains are suitable for outdoor growing as some may require specific growing conditions or have longer flowering times.
What is the ideal location for outdoor growing of disease-resistant cannabis?
The ideal location for outdoor growing of disease-resistant cannabis is a spot with plenty of sunlight and good soil drainage.
What nutrients are essential for optimal growth of disease-resistant cannabis?
Essential nutrients for disease-resistant cannabis include nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, as well as micronutrients like calcium and magnesium.
How can I tell if my cannabis plants are sick?
Symptoms of sick cannabis plants can include yellowing or browning leaves, spots or discoloration on leaves, stunted growth, and wilting.
How can I prevent disease from spreading to other plants in my garden?
To prevent the spread of disease in your garden, remove any infected plants immediately and sterilize your gardening tools before using them on other plants.
When is the best time to harvest disease-resistant cannabis?
The best time to harvest disease-resistant cannabis is when the trichomes on the buds turn a milky color, indicating peak potency.
How can I properly cure my harvested cannabis?
To properly cure harvested cannabis, hang the buds upside down in a cool, dry place with good airflow for several days, then trim and store in an airtight container.